Immigration Trivia

 

IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - HOME OWNERSHIP More than half of the foreign-born population are homeowners. In 2012, 51 percent of immigrant heads of household owned their own homes, compared with 66 percent of native-born heads of household. Among immigrants, 65 percent of naturalized citizens owned their own homes in 2012. (Center for American Progress)

IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - HOME OWNERSHIP

More than half of the foreign-born population are homeowners. In 2012, 51 percent of immigrant heads of household owned their own homes, compared with 66 percent of native-born heads of household. Among immigrants, 65 percent of naturalized citizens owned their own homes in 2012. (Center for American Progress)


IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - BORDER CRISIS
The Rio Grande is now the hottest spot for illegal crossings of the 2,000-mile border between the United States and Mexico. Of the 52,000 unaccompanied children caught crossing this fiscal year, about 38.000 have crossed at the Rio Grande Valley.  
Read more from The Economist
http://econ.st/1pVprzT


IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - CENTRAL AMERICA VIOLENCE
The U.S. has assisted Central America by funding and training an elite unit of the Honduran national police which patrol the Honduran border in a mission to fix “border security deficiencies” as well as disrupt drug and weapons trafficking. The program was funded through a program called the Central America Regional Security Initiative. Since 2008, the State Department has spent more than $642 million through the program in Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.

But to fully address the root problem, the U.S. would need to support democratically elected reform governments that would weed out corruption both in the government and in the police. Until that happens these countries will continue to unravel. And families will do whatever they must to find refuge from the grotesque violence that threatens their children.




IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - IMMIGRATION LAW
Currently, the laws that apply to the detained unaccompanied Central American children are NOT the same as the laws for unaccompanied Mexican children.
A 2008 law signed by President George W. Bush makes it illegal for the U.S. to deport an unaccompanied minor, unless he is coming from a bordering country such as Mexico or Canada and can easily be handed over to officials from his homeland. Children who have made the long, dangerous journey from Honduras, El Salvador or Guatemala by themselves must be given a chance to appear before an immigration judge who will decide whether they would be in danger if they returned home. If so they will qualify as “refugees.” If not, they will be deported. Since there are around 5,000 immigration cases pending for every qualified judge, that can take years. While the child migrants wait, around 90% go to stay with a relative already in the United States, says the Migration Policy Institute (MPI). 

Senator John Cornyn, a Texas Republican, and Representative Henry Cuellar, a Texas Democrat, together proposed legislation in July 2014 that would include changes to the 2008 law, (the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act), and allow children from countries like Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador to be returned within a week of their arrival in the US.

IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - WORK FORCE
In 2010, 8.4 million undocumented immigrants were employed in the United States. They represented 5.2 percent of the U.S. labor force, although they comprised only 3.7 percent of the U.S. population.

 
 

IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - AGRICULTURE In recent years, as the availability of immigrant farm workers has decreased, the share of imported fresh fruits and vegetables consumed by American families has grown by 79.3 percent.  (According to a report by Partnership for a New American Economy and the Agriculture Coalition for Immigration Reform.

IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - AGRICULTURE
In recent years, as the availability of immigrant farm workers has decreased, the share of imported fresh fruits and vegetables consumed by American families has grown by 79.3 percent.

(According to a report by Partnership for a New American Economy and the Agriculture Coalition for Immigration Reform.
 
 
IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - AGRICULTURE
It is estimated that there are over 3 million migrant and seasonal farmworkers in the United States. These farmworkers travel throughout the U.S. serving as the backbone for a multi-billion dollar agricultural industry. The majority - 72% - of all farmworkers are foreign born. 68% of all farmworkers were born in Mexico.

IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT For the 2015 fiscal year, the Department of Homeland Security has asked Congress to lower the 34,000 quota to 30,539 beds. But even that number is too high: immigration detainees have not been convicted of any crime, and many are eventually released and allowed to stay in this country. They should not be languishing for months—sometimes even years—in detention facilities.
 


IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT
For the 2015 fiscal year, the Department of Homeland Security has asked Congress to lower the 34,000 quota to 30,539 beds. But even that number is too high: immigration detainees have not been convicted of any crime, and many are eventually released and allowed to stay in this country. They should not be languishing for months—sometimes even years—in detention facilities

 
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IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - MANDATORY DETENTION QUOTA
A detention quota is written into the federal law that appropriates funding for ICE. Congress requires the agency to "maintain a level of not less than 34,000 detention beds" at any given time. The quota was first enacted in 2007, and it appears yet again in the 2015 appropriations bill currently pending in the House of Representatives.
 
 
 

IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - GOVERNMENT SPENDING Between ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcement) and Customs and Border Protection, the U.S. currently spends $18 billion a year on immigration enforcement – more than the FBI, DEA, Secret Service, U.S. Marshals Service, and ATF combined, according to the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute

IMMIGRATION TRIVIA - GOVERNMENT SPENDING
Between ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcement) and Customs and Border Protection, the U.S. currently spends $18 billion a year on immigration enforcement – more than the FBI, DEA, Secret Service, U.S. Marshals Service, and ATF combined, according to the nonpartisan Migration Policy Institute